DC 12V Battery Charger Circuit Schematic

This circuit is a high performance charger for gelled electrolyte lead-acid batteries. Charger quickly recharges battery and shuts off at full charge. Initially, charging current is limited to 2A. As the battery voltage rises, current to the battery decreases, and when the current has decreased to 150mA, the charger switches to a lower float voltage preventing overcharge.

Battery Charger Circuit Diagram
DC 12V Battery Charger Circuit Diagram

When the start switch is pushed, the output of the charger goes to 14 V. As the battery approaches full charge, the charging current decreases and the output voltage is reduced from 14 V to about 12 5 V terminating the charging. Transistor Ql then lights the LED as a visual indication of full charge.