This metal detector circuit diagram is designed using on a transistor radio as an detector. L1 search coil of the metal detector must have 18 turns from a 0.65 mm enameled wire scrambled on a 4 inch diameter support .
Radio Metal Detector Circuit Diagram
The C1 capacitor is a variable capacitor with a value of 365 pF, C2 is a 100pF silver mica capacitor , C3 is a 0.05 uF disc capacitor and the C4 is a 4.7 uF capacitor .The Q1 transistor can be RCA SK3011 npn transistor or equivalent type and all resistors need to be ½ watts .
With the radio tuned to a weak station you must adjust the variable capacitor C1 until the locator oscillator beats against the received signal. If a metal is detected the inductance of the L1 coil is changed, changing the frequency of the locator oscillator’s, resulting a change in the beat tone radio .