Video Switch for Intercom System

Nowadays a lot of intercom units are  equipped with video cameras so that you can  see as well as hear who is at the door. Unfortunately, the camera lens is perfectly placed  to serve as a sort of support point for people  during the conversation, with the result that  there’s hardly anything left see in the video  imagery.  One way to solve this problem is to install two cameras on the street side instead only  one, preferably some distance apart. If you  display the imagery from the two cameras  alternately, then at least half of the time you  will be able to see what is happening in front  of the door. Thanks to the video switch module described  here, which should be installed on the street  side not too far away from the two cameras,  you need only one monitor inside the house and you don’t need to install any additional video cables.

 

Circuit diagram :

Video Switch for Intercom System-Circuit-Diagram

Video Switch for Intercom System Circuit Diagram

 

Along with a video switch, the circuit includes  a video amplifier that has been used with  good results in many other Elektor projects,  which allows the brightness and the contrast  to be adjusted separately. This amplifier is  included because the distance between the  street and the house may be rather large, so it is helpful to be able to compensate for cable attenuation in this manner.  The switch stage is built around the well  known 4060 IC, in which switches IC2a and  IC2d alternately pass one of the two signals to  the output. They are driven by switches IC2b and IC2c, which generate control signals that  are 180 degrees out of phase. The switching rate for the video signals is  determined by a clock signal from an ‘old  standby’ 555 IC, which causes the signals to  swap every 2 seconds with the speciļ¬ed com ponent values.

 

Naturally, this circuit can also used in many other situations, such as where two cameras are needed for surveillance but only one video cable is available.

 

Author :Jacob Gestman Geradts - Copyright : Elektor